– Truck Load
– When shipping something that takes up over 16 feet (a large partial) to 53 feet of a trailer and/or up to 44,000 pounds, this is considered a Truck Load. When shipping a truck load, you are paying for the whole truck which will then deliver your goods from point A to point B. These carriers are major trucking company names and dominated by small independent and owner operators.
LTL – Less-than-Truck Load – When shipping anything less than 16 feet (6 to 8 pallets or less), you are shipping LTL. This means you will be working with a national trucking company and your freight will be sharing a trailer with other shippers. Your goods will not go directly to your requested location. Instead, the local terminal picks up your goods and returns to the local cross doc. Here, your pallets are married with other shipments going in the same direction. Your goods will then be transferred from hub to hub until they reach they’re destination. Transit times will be slower than TL shipments but the cost is lower as you are only paying for a portion of the trailer.
Common LTL carriers: FedEx Freight, R&L, Estes, UPS, YRC, Old Dominion
Dry Van – A dry van truck/trailer has no refrigeration unit on it. Most dry van trailers are air-ride, measure 53 feet long, 102 inches wide, 9 feet inside height, and can usually haul 43,000 – 44,000 lbs. Less expensive than a reefer, more dry van options are available on any given day to take your freight. Standard 53-foot dry van trailers will hold 26 40×48 shipping pallets.
Reefer – These temperature-controlled trailers will keep the beer cool and “freeze protect” the shipment by keeping the product above freezing temperatures during the winter months. Typically 53-feet in length and a little over eight feet wide, reefers can haul up to 44,000 lbs. of cargo. However, many reefers are required to carry less than the maximum weight as the empty trailer alone weighs more than a dry van. The total weight of the tractor/trailers/cargo is calculated to remain below the max legal limit for road travel. Dry loads can also be shipped via reefer trailer.